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Biohazards is analysed as general term that is used for any kind of material originated from biological substances that may be hazardous to living organism such as human beings that contact the material. These are also analysed as the biological substances that impose the threat to the health of living organisms (Hillyer & Shaz, (2013). These are also considered as chemical substances which is dangerous to the humans, animals and the environment. These biohazards may involve certain substances, viruses and medical waste that cause several harmful disease to the persons come in contact with them. Bacteria that are harmful for the humans are considered as Biohazards. This many involves the fluids, human tissue and blood and recombinant DNA. These were mainly arisen the micro organism that prevails in environment and waste. They posses the potential to infect any person who is exposed to them, all human waste should be properly handled and needs to be disposed of. Present report is based on assessment of problems of biohazards to health, environment and organisational stability. Further, there are some important ways have been discussed which are used to manage the adverse consequences of Biohazards. At the critical analysis of issues along with the own perspective is also developed.
Main Body (Findings)
Problems of Biohazards to health, environment or organisational stability.
Facilities management is often considered as profession that consists of various disciplines in order to ensure the functionality of the actual developed environment through integration of individuals, location, procedures and technology. These biohazards are contaminated by the waste that many be contaminated by the blood, body fluids or the other high potentially infectious materials which tends to impose the important risk of transferring infections to the human being and environment. This will include bacteria, viruses, fungi and other microorganism and their associated toxins (Meesters & Hooff, (2013). Moreover, they have the ability to affect the health of human in the different ways ranging from the relatively mild, allergic reactions to the serious medical conditions and even death of patients. These major organisation are widespread in the natural environment which are usually found in the soil, plants and animals. These micro organism reproduce very rapidly and needs minimal resources for the survival, they are also in potential danger in the wide variety of the major occupational settings. There are various infection problems that affects the health of human beings that work in organisation . All individuals which are exposed to the Hazardous health care biohazards are potentially at risk involving those persons who are in health care organisations which generate the hazardous waste as well as outside the sources who either handle any type of waste or expose to its as the problem of careless management (Porru & et.al.. (2012).
The group of risk are there are such as medical doctors, nurses, health care auxiliaries, visitors and patients along with the workers in supporting service who are also allied with the health care organisation. There are various problems have been caused by increase in these Biological hazards such as Anthrax, foodborne disease, plague, fever and juandice etc. Moreover, Anthrax is analysed as the acute infectious problem that has been cuased by the harmful BA(Bacillus anthracis) (Biological Agents, (2017). This is considered as dangerous as it is mainly found in the environment in the form of microscopic endospores (Brandt & Aroniadis, (2013). In this , people at health establishment can be seriously infected by bacteria through different routes of the exposure when they have the contact with the inefected people and contaminated products and through inhalation. Further, food borne diseases is also major problems that are the illenesses contracted to the people though consumption of contaminated food and beverages. Problems which are cuased food borne disease can be considered as intoxication and infections that are often not effectively reffered to as the food poisoning. In health care organisation, these major diseases are cuased to individuals health by the viruses, parasites, metals, toxins, bacteria and prions (Azmal & et.al. (2014). There are various symtoms of food borne diseases such as threatning neurologic, renal syndroms and heptic. Further, there are various infections, that will affects the health of patients due to careless management of Biohazards such as gastroentic infections, repiratory problems, skin infections, HIV and viral hepatitise etc.
In addition to this, there are also some major problems which are cuased by biohazards waste which is generated by health care professional in organisation. Many of the chemical and medicines which are utilized in the health care organisations are considered harmful . For example: Toxic, explosive, reactive, explosive and shock sensitive (Potteiger, Wolfe & Cappaert, (2014). These are various harmful substances that usually present in the small quantity in the waste. Moreover, large number of substance will be found when the pharmacutical are disposed off. This intoxication can be the results from the absorption of major harmful chemicals and the pharmacutical through the skins and mucous membranes which are caused by coming in the contact of reactive , flammable and corrosive chemicals etc.
Along with this, environment provided various resources to satisfy the basic requirements of human beings life . Biohazardous wastes are also known as the infectious or the biomedical waste that contains the infectous materials. Biohazards waste needs to be handled accordin to the strict federal state and local regulations (Bristow, (2013). Mishandled biohazards waste poses a threats not only to the health care professionals but also to the environments. Mishandled biohazardous waste, professionals , patients and the local community wastes poses a threat to the environment. Widlife and Pharmacutical are the major elements which are providing impacts on the waste and parks (Kagoma & et.al. (2012). Moreover, biological hazards dirt or waste which is generated in the health care establishments and pharmacutical shops that is not properly disposed off will end up in the lakes, parks and other wildlife birds refuges where the birds and other animals live. It is identified that wildlife birds and animals are usually gets attracted with the color of pills and liquid medicine. This curiosity results in the digestion of the medication which can cuase injuries or vene kills the animals.
Further, the ground water contamination is also considered as major threat which is caused by this issue. According to Sartaj & Arabgol, (2015), much and more efforts have been made to ensure that the landfills are mainly developed in order to protect the animals around them. There are most of the ground water land fills are usaully developed with the special lining so nearby the soil so that the ground water will not be contaiminated. But the Biohazardous which are not handed properly will have potential to contaiminate the best landfill designs. Moreover, the contamination of the ground water resources can also seeks out the exterior oil and the ground water become oil.
Apart from this, for even effectively diagnose the patients diseases, health care professional some times use the radio active machinaries. When these radio active tools are not correctly disposed by them or waste handlind department, then it entred the landfills . These substances emit the particales which are dangourus to the people. Moreover, the excessive exposure to the radiocatvity can also results in the serious diseases. Airborne polluntants are also worst than the land based types as they cab spread the far and wide qucikly.
Other than this, decling conditions of the health care environment is also considered as the beginning that affects the health of populations in different parts of the world. As a result of this issues, organisation is required to consider the long term costs of environment costs of provding the health care facilities to the patients. This major issues have also provided influence on the stability health care organisations (Brauer, (2016). When the environment is contaiminated by these viruses then professionals will also get infected and patinets that arrive in health care establishment will not proper treatment. Improper waste management will contaiminate the patients in organisation and also increases their bed time in hospital which influence the image of hospital and professional in health care sector. Sustainability of organisation in health care sector also refers to provding treatment and service to patients which provide them satisfaction of being recovered from disease but due this ineffective biohazardous waste management, organisation will not be able to provide proper service to patients. Professional not following the hand hygine will creates problems for patients and tends to raise their problems. Due to this, patients will not prefers to get treatment from these organisation which provides impact on the sustainability of organisation.
Ways to manage the adverse consequences of Biohazards.
From the study, it has been analysed that biological hazards are mainly in the form of Microorganism which are mainly found in the soil , air and biohazardous waste which are genrated by health care establishment. In order to reduce the impact of the adverse consequences such as plague, anthrax, food borne diseases and jaundice. For removal of these problems there are some safety measures that needs to applied by professionals, such as management of biohazardous waste. This waste should be collected , stored , treated and disposed off through utilization of practices which minimize the spill and exposure the risk for the lab, personnel , service workers and the general public. In order to support this princple, all the waste needs to stored inside the lab while awaiting pick up (Mathur, Patan & Shobhawat, (2012). Moreover the waste exerted by health care organisation involves needles and lancets , scalpels and razor blades, glass slides and contaiminate broken glasses. For removing the problem of Anthrax which is cuased by contaimination from the infection of biohazardous waste and microorganism. Collection and storage is consider as important measure which implies that these devices like needles and radio active tools needs to be kept to be kept in to sharp containers , immediately after use. Moreover, those containers are required to be biohazard marked , solid walled and leak proof so that it cannot be broken. Organisation needs to ensure that the lid needs to properly and completely installed prior to use for sharp collection. These contaianers must be kept away from the patients so that they may not get infected.
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Along with this, for management of food borne disease it is essentail for the individual to wash the fruits and vegetables and meats before consumptions. The bacteria present in air contaminates the food. While consumption of food products and water it is essential for individuals to consider that there must be clean and hyginic environment (Mensudar, Karthick & Amudha, (2015). In health care organisation, patients needs to provide health food that remains from any infections and away from the biohazardous waste. For removal of liquid biohazardous waste, vaccum flasks and liquid contaianers needs to be charged with the disinfectant ebfore use to help in prevention of growth of contaminations in the flasks during the holdings period. Moreover, the collection of vessels must be labelled and name of disinfectant.
In order to reduce the impact of biohazardous waste on environment, it is essential for health care establishment to take care off that waste must be dumped away from the establishment. It must be disposed off properly so that it can not enter the land fills and water. They should also needs to spreads awarness among the patient , visitors and staff about the causes of this Biohazards so that they will keep proper hygine at workplace (Choi & et.al. (2014).Proper training must be provided to employees for increasing their knowldege about the ways through which they prevent themselves from beinf contaminated by infections and Biohazards. When they will apply safety measure, then it will automatically provide positive influence on the health of patients and their bed in hospital will get reduced. For maintaining sustainability of organisation, it is essential for management to control and moniter proper disposal of Biohazardous waste and ensure that patients must be provided healthier and infection free environment as well as treatment which help them to recover from diseases.
From this report, it is concluded that Biohazards is analysed as general term that is used for any kind of material originated from biological substances that may be hazardous to living organism such as human beings that contact the material. There are various health problems such as Plague, Anthrax , food borne diseases have been cuased by being in contact with these biohazards. Further, wildlife and pharmacutical,contamination of ground water, radio active pollution and Airborne polluntants are the major problems which provided their impact on environment and health of patients. Stability of organisation also affected due to rise in cost of health care services, lack of proper biohazardous waste management and decline image of organisation in health care sector. Moreover, these problems can be resolved by taking effective measures and providing awareness to people and staff in health care establishments.
- Azmal, M. & et.al. (2014). Going toward green hospital by sustainable healthcare waste management: segregation, treatment and safe disposal. Health. 6(19). 2632.
- Brandt, L. J., & Aroniadis, O. C. (2013). An overview of fecal microbiota transplantation: techniques, indications, and outcomes. Gastrointestinal endoscopy, 78(2), 240-249.
- Brauer, R. L. (2016). Safety and health for engineers. John Wiley & Sons.