Planning is the most effective tool and a staircase towards success. Therefore business plans are promoted to picturing clearly the goals of the business, procedures or steps to attain them and reasons for attainment. Every business is driven by profit motive. Small manufacturing business involved in the manufacturing of bicycles with a strong financial base aspiring towards growth and desiring to introduce an innovative product into the market. Launching of electronic bicycles into market requires lots of studies and research about the market and available resources and its effective utilisation which is demonstrated by the report following. Since the company has loyal staff and customer base which will contribute to the innovating new product. Further investment appraisal techniques will be adopted to analyse whether to prefer in-house designing or outsourcing the same to experts. Moreover, new product will require the additional staff which is highly skilled in addition to an advertising campaign for target customers and wider reach to market.
Market Analysis And Strategies
Marketing strategy is driven by the motive of gaining high market share with increased revenue and profitability. Market-oriented strategies are framed keeping in mind all the short term and long term operations related to marketing(Viorica, Sorin and Cristina, 2013).
The marketing plan includes evaluation and study of various factors in the market and formulation of strategies to deals with the same. For conducting the market analysis, Porter's five forces model is applied(Rachet, 2014).
Competitive Rivalry: Company will face stiff competition from the existing players such as Atlas, hero cycles and Hercules which have a strong customer base in the market. These companies spend huge amounts of product promotion and innovation to attract customers.
Supplier Power: Bargaining powers of the suppliers is moderate in bicycle industry as there are limited number of the manufacturer. Suppliers of raw material required such as rubber, tyre, battery and metal industry.
Consumer Power: Consumers are rationally aware of the prices range as there are only 3-45 companies popular in the bicycle industry. Therefore they can easily switch over from one to another.
The threat of new entrant: Potential threats from domestic companies existing in motorbike manufacturing may enter the bicycle market. Also foreign entrants with better technology and eco-friendly techniques.
Threat Of Substitution: Further threat from substitution is very high. As various sport solar powered or electric two wheeler bikes may hamper the market. Moreover, fitness clubs or geared cycles or automatic exercise equipment have the calibre to replace bicycles.
The focus of strategies is based on maximising profits through gaining competitive advantages in the market. Advertising is the major area where attention is placed to promote the product and grab the attraction of customers. Advertising through booking slots on new channels is the cheap and effective source(Mullins, 2012). In addition to brochures in newspaper, internet should be used beneficially. Social media needs to be explored for promoting the electric bicycles by catchy slogans and spreading health and fitness consciousness among citizens. It deals with product designing, customer targeting, branding, pricing and considering publicity of product(McDonald, 2013).
In-house manufacturing will require an additional cost on research and designing and adoption of expensive technology. On the contrary, if the business opts for outsourcing the design work to the experts it will be benefited in two ways. Firstly, the agency will design the best framework because of its experience and the expertise(Chwolka and Raith, 2012). Secondly, the initial cost for designing will be very high if the company perform the task on its own. Therefore it should be given to experts to prepare the detailed design and its full proof projection which will support the manufacturing process of the company.
Cost analysis of the two years depicts that there is significant shift or reduction in the marketing expenses due to initial product launch in the first year. Further depreciation has increased due to additional machinery purchased to support the production of electric bicycles. Other operating expenses include various commission and electricity which varies in the proportion of production units.
Table 5: Calculation of Break-even point in sales units
Amount in £
Amount in £
Contribution per unit (Total contribution/no. Of Units)
Break-even Point (Fixed Cost/Contribution per unit)
Break even analysis refers to the no of units sold which covers the fixed cost of the company. In the year 2016 company will have to sale 486 units to cover the fixed costs whereas in the year 2017 it will have to make sales of 506 units in order to cover the fixed costs.
SWOT analysis refers to the analysis of internal strength, weakness, threats and opportunities to the company(Yuan, 2013).
Strengths: Strengths are the uniqueness or core competencies possessed by the companies. Bicycle company has the electric bicycle which is almost energy free and also does not need driving licences.
Weakness: However bicycle manufacture face the challenge of high prices, and also seasonability of business and limited target customers are the weakness of the
Opportunity: Since the awareness about eco-friendly means of commuting is rising opportunity can be grabbed. Moreover, the increased trend of health consciousness will generate the demand.
Threat: Company will face a threat from online bicycle sellers and also large discount chains as pressure will increase from mass merchants.
Table 6: Sequence of activities and time duration
Duration in weeks
Designing the bicycle
Gantt chart depicts the detailed schedule of the project in series. It states the sequence of the project and relation between activities regarding preceding or succeeding(Grünig and Kühn, 2015). It also shows the start and terminal activity of the project.
Critical Path of the Project = 1-2-3-4-5 = 37 weeks
Critical path method evaluates the maximum time by which project can be delayed. Any delay in the activity on the critical path will delay the entire project and increase the cost and time of project(Chadwick, 2013). Bicycle company will take 37 weeks maximum to complete all the activities concerned with electric bicycles.
From the above analysis and study it can be concluded that electric manufacturing of bicycles will be a profitable project in long run and company will p[roper due to this.
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