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Introduction to Modern Slavery
In the modern world of today's era, people are becoming more conscious about their human rights. Modern slavery is a concept in which there is an exploitation of the human and their rights. It can be done in any aspect. Although, it is basically related to employment but now a days, it is occurring In each and every field. In other words modern slavery is causing harm to the rights of citizens of country. It can also be more illustrated to long working hours complex work environment strict rules and regulations adopted by companies. In this modern world, there should be reduction of the exploitation and misuse of the rights of human rights. Furthermore, it can also be linked to child labour and its negative consequences. In this present report, modern slavery in the respect of business organizations have been discussed. The human rights and duties of employer as well as employee has been mentioned. It is also mentioned that the employees and workers should be provided with peaceful working environment in which they can become more work oriented and love working there. Also, in this report various consequences have been discussed in respect of modern slavery.
Human rights is a concept which can be termed as moral principles or norms which is helpful in describing the certain standards of the way in which human behaves. Under the provisions of municipal and international law , the human rights are protected. Irrespective of countries, it is given to each and very citizen of world. Modern slavery is just an another term for causing harm to the humans and their conferred rights. These are basically those rights which are conferred on him as they are human beings. They are applicable in each and every aspect with the sense of being universal. By the constitution of country they are conferred on each and every human and citizen of that country regardless of their caste, colour, race , sex etc. Also, various laws and legislations for the human rights have been prepared in the aspect to give them more legal and highlighted effect. In the context of employer and employee relationship, the employees should be provided with various rights so that they can raise their voice in case of any issues and problems being faced while working in the company.
As per the United Nations Universal Declaration, human rights can be defined as “ All human rights are born free and equal in respect of dignity and rights”. There are many rights which are categorised in different headings and parts. On the other hand, modern time slavery is an idea which can also be conceptualised as contemporary slavery, in which rights of employees have been diminished and they have become slaves in their employment. In the connection of this, slavery is a term in which the provisions of property law has been implied in which powerful people have an authority to sell and own other individuals and make them slaves. Further more, the slave is not able to with draw from their arrangement in which they are working that too with out remuneration. Slavery should not be adopted as it harm the rights and duties of human rights, being prohibited in law. It can be further analysed that the slave also refers to the situation in which the worker is forced to do a particular task. Employees or labour can be termed as unfree labour or forced labour.
On the other hand, it has been assessed that Modern Slavery devastate the society and injures people all over the world. Also, slavery continues in every country across the globe. Women are forced in prostitution. Many people are forced to work in agriculture and related activities for long hours and for little payment along with children are also employed in the domestic work and in factories too. They are also forced to get engaged in restaurants and sweetshops etc. In some cases ,the entire family is strained to work in unfavourable work conditions for no remuneration or very less payment which is not satisfactory and enough for their development. This is the real examples that can be used to define the modern slavery. The foremost reason of becoming slave is the poverty. It can be noted that mostly poor or financially unsound people are becoming slave by other individuals.
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After an analysis, it can be summarised that a person has become slave if he is compel to do work by an effect of coercion, mental or physical pressure. It can also includes by abusing or harming the rights of people. Also, if some one is owned or controlled by employer by threatening them and also harming their rights. More over if some one is engaged in the business of human trafficking and bought and sold people and treat them as property.
There are many types of Modern Slavery which can be explained as :
It includes any services in which the workers and people are forced to those tasks which they are not willing to do and that too with out less remuneration. It is done under the pressure of some sort of punishment.
It is one of the highest and worldwide used form of slavery in which when people borrow money from others and they are not able to pay due to any reasons. Then the lender forces them to work under them till the debt has been paid off completely. Also, in some cases they lose their control over the conditions of both the debt and occupation.
It is another form of slavery which hinders the development of human by selling them to others for making money. It involves transportation, recruitment and harbouring of people from one place to another place for exploitation by using violence and threats. It is ultimately equivalent to the misuse of human rights. Human trafficking results in the demotion of country and also development is hampered.
Descent based slavery
This is the form of slavery in which the people are born in the slaved family. It means that there ancestors were also captured and enslaved. They remain enslaved by descent orb by their ancestral generations.
This form can some times misinterpreted with child labour. But it is not the same thing. It is the worst condition in which development and education of children is hindered and also they are forced to get engaged in the work only. It can also includes child slavery , child trafficking etc. the government of each and every country should aim to reduce and diminish the child trafficking.
From the above forms it has been analysed that the human rights are exploit8ing in many ways. In this aspect many laws and legislations have also been framed by the government of different countries. It can also be noted that various social groups are also taking initiative in the direction of reducing exploitation of humans and their rights. The people should not be enslaved and should let them work in an flexible environment. By analysing various reports of surveys conducted by different organizations, it has been assessed that 20.9 million people are in modern slavery across the world. Also, 14.2 million people across the world are exploited through economic activities. In addition to this, surprisingly, 1.5 million people are enslaved in developed countries around the globe. Various organizations have been formed in the context of protection and safeguarding of people from being enslaved in the modern world. They aim to protect the workers from their employers or owners in the aspect of moder