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Humans have always prioritized education in their lives. Even in the old times, people were equipping themselves with appropriate knowledge and skills. Education was regarded as the primary element of a person’s identity in ancient Rome and Greece. The literacy rate was used to be low because the institutions were less in number and getting education was expensive. And, due to this reason, not everyone could afford it. Many people believe that ancient universities have lost their importance and charm with time. But, they are highly mistaken. Our assignment help experts have prepared a list of such historic institutions that are still among the top universities worldwide and educating people belonging to different countries. If you are interested in knowing about them, then read this blog.
1.) University of Bologna
As the motto of this university is ‘Nourishing Mother of the Studies,’ its operations have never been put on halt since the day it was established in 1088, in Bologna, Italy. It is known to be the oldest university in the world. Previously, it was only offering doctorate degrees, but now, it has a wide range of programs at all levels. In today’s date, more than 84,000 students are studying in it, of which 30,000 are postgraduates. It is impressive that three popes, some renowned businessmen, and several Italian politicians are the alumni of this ancient university. In 2015, the University of Bologna was ranked 188th in the world.
2.) University of Oxford
The University of Oxford is one of the most famous institutions worldwide. Established in the year 1092, it has stood the test of time. As per the Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2018, this university is ranked 1st. Talking about the list of alumni, one may find that 27 Prime Ministers of the UK, 47 Nobel Prize winners, 20 Archbishops of Canterbury, 12 saints, and the most famous Sir Stephen Hawking were associated with the University of Oxford. Currently, approximately 23000 students are enrolled in this institution. Moreover, it is operating the largest university press in the world.
3.) University of Salamanca
Founded in 1134 and later got the Royal Charter in 1218, the University of Salamanca is Spain’s oldest institution and is located in the western part of Madrid. It has got some historic importance as here, Christopher Columbus presented a case in order to gain some royal support for his Indies tour in the late 15th century. As per the QS World University Ranking, the position of the University of Salamanca varies between 601-650 range. Currently, it caters to over 30,000 students in nine campuses across Spain.
4.) University of Paris
The exact date of establishment of the University of Paris is still unknown, but according to some sources, it was founded somewhere between 1160 to 1250 in the capital of France. It is also known as ‘la Sorbonne’ and is one of the ancient universities in Europe. During the French Revolution, the university’s operations were suspended between 1793 and 1896. In today’s time, the University of Paris is expanded throughout the city, and in 1970, it was divided into thirteen autonomous institutions. Of these, Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC) secured 131st rank, Université Paris-Sorbonne (Paris IV) got the 293rd position, and Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne secured the 269th position in the world.
5.) University of Cambridge
The University of Cambridge was established in 1209 by some scholars who left the University of Oxford due to political issues. And, at present, this well-known institution has outranked its elder universities by securing 3rd place in the world. It shares many common traditions with Oxford and maintains a healthy competition among students studying in both the institutions. Currently, Cambridge has enrolled 19,660 scholars, of which 4,100 are non-European.
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