Firework is one of the most beautiful and fascinating inventions of chemistry. It was invented by Chinese in the 6th Century BC during the Sung Dynasty. And, the custom of using fireworks for elaborate celebrations gained popularity in Australia during the 17th century. In the last few decades, firecracker manufacturers have introduced many advanced techniques to make the displays more spectacular and elaborate. In this write-up, our chemistry assignment help experts have discussed how they work and what chemicals are used to give them colour
1. Firecrackers mainly consist of combustible materials for energy, viz. black powder, a mixture of charcoal, saltpaper, sulfur, and cellulose nitrate. And, its coloured flame is created by the electrons present inside the sodium ions. They have the ability to absorb energy and move up to higher energy levels and then fall back to their ground state, emitting a specific amount of energy that corresponds to the colours of light.
2. An exploding firework happens due to simultaneous chemical reactions. A firework is filled with solid chemical compounds, and when we burn it, those explosives combine with oxygen in the air, which results in the formation of heat, light, gas, and other chemicals. You can understand this by analyzing the chemical reaction that happens when gunpowder (the main ingredient used in crackers) is set to fire
2KNO3 (potassium nitrate) + S (sulfur) + 3C (carbon in charcoal form) → K2S (potassium sulfide) + N2 (nitrogen gas) + 3CO2 (carbon dioxide)
3. Once a firework catches fire, the explosive materials filled inside it cause a rapid increase of heat and gas which often sends the cracker as high as 1000 feet into the air. And, there is a time-delay fuse inside it that burns slowly and displays the various shades of colours and patterns for hours.
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4. You would have already burned metals in a hot flame in your chemistry laboratory. Do you know how they glow with such bright, intense colours? This is because when you heat metal, the electrons present in its atoms are excited to higher energy levels, and thus, they emit a quantum of energy. The colour of the light emitted by the metal depends upon the difference in the energy levels. Different metal compounds give different colors.
Well, after reading this blog, if you are thinking about experimenting with these ideas at home, then do not dare to do so. Making crackers is a complex process that is carried out by trained craftsmen with utmost precision. Remember one thing that just a slight variation in the proportions of combustible materials used inside the firecracker can trigger the fire too soon or too late — causing major accidents.
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